Monthly Archives: May 2016

Mixed Sleep Apnea Facts

By Christian Rabatsch

This form of sleep apnea is also known as complex sleep apnea. This is because it is a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. According to a 2014 publication by Khan & Franco, complex sleep apnea occurs when there has been persistent central sleep apnea for more than 5 hours, despite the airway being cleared by positive airway pressure. In complex sleep apnea, there appears to be no clear cause such as systolic heart failure or narcotics. Since complex sleep apnea is a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea, this article will discuss different facts of each.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

This is the most common type of sleep apnea, which affects men more than it does women. Only a handful of patients get to be diagnosed while the rest remain undiagnosed and suffer in silence.


Obstructive sleep apnea, as the name suggests, is caused by complete or partial obstruction of the airway during sleep. A person’s throat muscles relax during sleep, which causes either fatty tissues or the tongue to fall into the airway, blocking the air flow. Because of the obstruction, oxygen to the brain is reduced, thus signaling the brain to wake up the body to signal it that it needs oxygen. This is when the patient makes a loud choking, gasping or snorting sound during sleep after which the person is forced to take a deep breath in order to push air past the obstruction.

After the deep breath is taken, the breath signals the body to go back to sleep, after which the whole process is repeated. Depending on the severity of the sleep apnea, this process may occur several or a hundred times a night. Obstructive sleep apnea is categorized into mild, moderate and severe.

Central Sleep Apnea

Central sleep apnea on the other hand, occurs once the brain fails to signal the breath controlling muscle. While obstructive sleep apnea is mechanical, central sleep apnea is a communication issue. This form is not as common as obstructive sleep apnea. Conditions that affect the brain cause this type of sleep apnea. Such conditions include Parkinson’s disease, brain infection or brain stroke, heart failure and narcotic painkillers.

Symptoms of this condition include chronic fatigue, shortness of breath, mood changes, morning headaches, difficulty concentrating, and irregular breathing during sleep, restless sleep and excessive daytime drowsiness.

Mixed Sleep Apnea

Patients who are treated for obstructive sleep apnea tend to develop symptoms of central sleep apnea after using Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). Complex sleep apnea is diagnosed after a patient continues to have breathing difficulty despite being successfully treated by CPAP therapy.


The available form of treatment for complex sleep apnea is CPAP machines, but only if it is set at the lowest pressure setting. This will help in keeping the airways free from any blockage, but at the same time, it will also help in preventing CSA symptoms from developing. Where CPAP has failed, BIPAP therapy can also be used.

Christian Rabatsch has many year’s worth of experience in providing patients with the best sleep disorder treatment in Australia. You can get in touch with Christian at Benchmark Sleep Services. For more information about sleep services simply visit us at Benchmark Sleep Services.

The 6 Habits That Lead To Happiness

So often we count what is missing from our lives, focusing on what is not there.

In doing this, we create a form of “negative hallucination,” a state of mind that blinds us to so much of what is actually there — a really self-defeating way to pass our days.

By dwelling on what we lack we create feelings of deprivation and unhappiness that can eclipse the spirit and block our ability to experience the simple joy of being alive.

If we really do want to live a more fulfilled and joyful life then cultivating a sense of gratitude is a key ingredient. Gratitude for all that we have, for all that is there, brings with it a deeper appreciation of life itself.

Research has shown (1) that gratitude is an essential element in our ability to experience genuine happiness.

Change Your MInd

Not only that, but expressing gratitude can help change your mind in a positive way, and actually have a physical affect on the brain, changing it in positive ways.

Gratefulness and life satisfaction just seem to go hand in hand (2).

Here are six habits that grateful people cultivate. They are the keys to increased joy and contentment.

1. Grateful people do not expect life to give them every single thing they desire. They live with the understanding that no one can have everything they want, when they want it, and that this is okay. They are appreciative of all they have, and are less likely to envy what others have.

2. Grateful people take nothing for granted. They do their best to see the positive outcome in situations and experiences and are not afraid to work towards those outcomes. They do not take the good things in their lives for granted.

3. Grateful people work with things as they are. They do not insist that conditions be exactly right before they can be happy. Appreciative of all they have, they accept life’s shortcomings, while working on their own, and welcome joy and happiness into their lives unconditionally.

4. Grateful people realize that they cannot have the sunshine without also having the rain. They understand that no one can live in a perpetual state of happiness, accepting that difficult times will sometimes come. They have learned to respect and be grateful for life in all its diversity.

5. Grateful people cultivate flexible thinking habits. They have learned to adapt to life circumstances and can adjust their thinking to the situation. Gratitude and rigid thinking make a poor fit, and so they make allowances for other people’s perceptions and opinions.

6. Grateful people do not define themselves by their regrets. They appreciate their abilities while working to improve them, accepting responsibility for their actions while working towards their positive future. Cultivate these habits of gratitude and you really will reap some wonderful benefits.

What are you waiting for? Why not start right now!


(1) Emmons, R. A. (2007). THANKS! How the New Science of Gratitude Can Make You Happier. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

(2) Watkins, P. C., Grimm, D. L., & Kolts, R. (2004). Counting your blessings: Positive memories among grateful persons. Current Psychology: Developmental, Learning, Personality, Social, 23, 52-67.–

Peter Field is a UK registered psychotherapist and London and Birmingham hypnotherapist. He is a Member of the British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Health. For more information, please visit his Birmingham hypnotherapy website.